The general description of waterfront construction —— the medium of urban evolution
!City and water: the city is born of water
The city is built on the water and is thriving by the water. Urban rivers are not only the channels for urban people and goods exchange, but also the stage for citizens to produce and live.
!Waterfront landscape is being used as a medium for urban evolution
Traditional urbanization is urbanization dominated by architecture and urban grids. Today, after rapid urbanization, cities have shown various urban diseases.
After more than 30 years of continuous development, more than half of China's population lives in cities. The future urbanization will no longer solve the basic needs of the citizens extensively. It is necessary to build a higher quality urban environment and The stock space is upgraded.
Under the background of global industrial de-industrialization, building a service-oriented economy, and an innovative economy for urban industrial and spatial transformation, as a starting point for nurturing urban civilization, the waterfront landscape is being an important carrier of urban evolution....
!North America Waterfront Development Overview
The cities of North America have undergone suburbanization. After decentralizing the trend, the city has once again won the victory. In recent years, North American cities have shown further revival and the population has returned.
The Toronto Waterfront is a colourful waterfront area of approximately 520 miles (about 840 km) and is a vibrant port and public open space. In order to support the waterfront industry and economic development, the government and major enterprises have a total of 130 investment projects with a total investment of 30 billion US dollars, 14 new waterfront retreats and new ferry services, and are expected to provide 13,000 jobs.
As a sustainable city, the use of land has become diversified: infrastructure construction, brownfield cleanup, historical preservation and reuse are essential. At the same time, the government invested in new leisure facilities and rehabilitated the park designated as a park but was not developed. It is planned to realize the “10-minute walking circle” in 2030.
!Overview of China's waterfront construction
The construction and renovation of urban waterfronts is not only a change in the linear space of the city, but also a reshaping of the urban landscape. In recent years, the concepts of “urban beautification”, “ecological city”, “urban green road”, “sponge city” and “elastic city” have emerged in an endless stream, affecting and changing the future of our city in different ways. In this process, the waterfront landscape has gradually become the medium for the evolution and transformation of our city.
!MYP Waterfront Practice Thinking
!1.0 Water Security and Flexible City
Traditional water conservancy safety is to systematically restrict the natural river channel to the cold concrete channel. This way restricts and destroys the original vitality of the river channel, so that its natural recovery and regenerative power can not be displayed. Even annihilated.
Flexible cities advocate organic, connected, multi-level, adaptive, inclusive, synergistic, mediation, extension, and regeneration. It is the ability to recover quickly under natural disasters, when the ecosystem endures disturbances without collapse, and the establishment of adaptive and flexible urban water system facilities is an important component of flexible cities.
The urban water system's elasticity is comprehensively expressed as “water ecology, water security, water landscape”. This concept emphasizes the protection of natural green spaces such as green space, forest land, agricultural production land and nature reserves in cities, and enhances the connectivity of natural space networks. And the integrity, thus playing a significant ecological function and value, forming a natural support system for the existence and development of the city, is an important urban “soft” infrastructure.
Comprehensive river management under the background of flexible city
River Greening – Waterfront Landscape – Green Infrastructure
Large-scale river projects are funded by “water conservancy”, and the strong water conservancy department with Chinese characteristics first makes water conservancy after water conservancy. Therefore, from the perspective of the leadership, after the completion of the water conservancy project, the “river greening” will be carried out.
The northern cities are generally short of water, the wandering rivers are characterized, and the seasonal riverbeds are large. Since the beginning of China's water governance, it has become a constant struggle with the engineering practices of the water sector.
Xiaoheihe: Water Conservancy Project -- Hardened Canalization,
Yimin River: Water Conservancy Project -- Water Conservancy Project
Yitong River: Traditional water conservancy program has passed + pollution control project
Landscape design of the Xiaohei Saihan section of Hohhot
The project is located in the core area of Saihan District, Hohhot. The landscape design of the 9600-meter-long Xiaohehe River channel covers a total area of 308 hectares.
Once, it was hard to call it a "river." The reinforced concrete is fully armed, and the river channel with flood discharge function is wrapped tightly, and the river bed is cold and hard, and there is no trace of water.
When the Hohhot Municipal Government hopes to use the river channel reconstruction as an opportunity to pull the development of the Binhe New Area by creating a riverside landscape, it seems to face a difficult situation.
MYP cooperated with Beijing Davos from the collection of the project to the construction of the construction drawings. It has been devoted to more than one year, and is committed to making the Xiaohe River a model river in northern China: the river of people, the river of ecology and the river of culture.
Breaking hard and green, breaking the reinforced concrete shell of the current dam, softening and "weaving" the flood control system into a complete ecological leisure system. Bring the city into the waterfront, integrate the river into the city, and skillfully use the construction method of the landscape space to make the waterfront green space, road space and people's life blend together and intimate dialogue.
!The black moon water and ecological treatment project of the net month section of the ecological management project of Baili Yitong River in Changchun City
Pollution control: Non-point source pollution is the most important problem of the project. To avoid point-type and surface-type treatment, it is necessary to systematically guide and establish a systematic approach to governance construction.
Water treatment: At present, the traditional large-scale water conservancy plan contradicts the current situation of insufficient water supply in Changchun. It is necessary to carry out overall arrangement in the near and long term in terms of sustainable water conservation.
Landscaping: The south-south section is the upper reaches of Changchun's mother river. At present, the characteristics of nature, wildness and fine water are the biggest highlights. The future construction needs to continue to maintain this feature, and the rational arrangement of activities is maximized for the leisure of the surrounding citizens.
Rongcheng: The construction of the South-South section and the Jingyue District Ecological Corridor will define the ecological pattern of the future net month. The biggest highlight of Shanshui City's integration of future urban construction will also greatly enhance the core competitiveness of Jingyue.
From the water management and water conservancy level, the project puts forward the concept of “clear water network to water the river”, and systematically grades the measures to reduce pollution and the safety balance under the condition of lack of water resources. At the level of planning and landscape, the concept of “Source of Yitong, Innovation and Leju” was put forward to create the source of Yitong, embodying leisure and fun, enhancing cultural tourism and realizing a livable city.
The project is based on the concept of “source-flow-sink-涟” and tells the story of the south and south sections of the “source” of the Bailiitong River. Create a natural and wild landscape, and give the river cultural tourism function, so that it has a complete functional system and cultural connotation. At the same time, it realizes a livable and pleasant city in the south and south sections of the Yitong River, and upgrades the south and south sections. Overall image and core appeal.
!2.0 Pollution Control and Vitality City
The development of 30 years has caused the overall pollution of the Chinese water system. The governance of water pollution not only affects the daily quality of life of the people, but also rises to the height of the country's ability to govern. Governments at all levels have made a full-scale attack, and as a political task, the whole country has been vigorously attacked.
In April 2015, the State Council officially released the “Water Ten Articles”. The system promotes water pollution prevention, water ecological protection and water resources management. By 2020, the quality of the national water environment has been improved step by step, and the serious water pollution has been greatly reduced. By 2030, the overall improvement of the water environment quality in the country has been strived for, and the function of the water ecosystem has been initially restored. By the middle of this century, the quality of the ecological environment has been comprehensively improved, and the ecosystem has achieved a virtuous circle.
According to the national water control policy, in 2030, the black and odorous water bodies in the urban built-up areas have been eliminated, and more than 80% of the urban built-up areas will have 70% of the rainfall targets for local consumption and utilization.
However, the single governance-oriented approach is undoubtedly inefficient, and comprehensive rectification of pollution control and water security, urban leisure, ecological construction, and cultural reshaping can bring vitality to the city.
!In the context of pollution control, the deformation of the stinking ditch
From "smelly ditch" to "back garden"
Compared with the urban mother river, the secondary rivers are often in a state of paralysis. On the one hand, they are an important part of the urban water network system, but on the other hand they are severely squeezed by urban construction and public activities.
Therefore, on the one hand, the river channel is seriously polluted, domestic sewage and domestic garbage are remitted into the river. On the other hand, river channel space is crowded, in the case of complex ownership rights and current conditions.
Therefore, it is a prerequisite for the grooming of the river and the treatment of pollution. This involves the re-engineering of the urban pipe network, the improvement of urban management, and the governance of pollution. At the same time, it is necessary to reorganize the intricate relationship of ownership and interests, re-confirm the public space, and let the river return to life is our greatest task.
Hulunbeier: 626 Xiaohe
Changchun: Yongan Minggou
!Hulunbeier 626 Creek Landscape Design
The "626" small river has a total length of 8.626 kilometers and a width of 7-14 meters. It is an inland river tributary of the Yimin River, flowing from south to north and flowing through the eastern part of the Hailar River. The urban master plan requires 15 meters of green space on both sides of the 626 small river as the urban public green space.
However, the continuous development of urban construction, the current situation of the river is: the waterfront green space on both sides of the river is affected by the surrounding land, not coherent; the horizontal connection between the river and the city needs to be strengthened, the accessibility is insufficient; the green space around the two sides of the strait is insufficient, lack of activity Space; water pollution is serious, water is insufficient; revetment hardening severely slows down the river's ecosystem, making the river channel unable to "breath"; the space and water bodies on both sides of the strait are distinct, unable to be hydrophilic, and the citizens have less chance to swim.
Maibo was invited to participate in the project. In June 2015, Hulunbeier 626 Xiaohe landscape design passed the review and entered into implementation. The results were built at the beginning of 2017. As the project continues, the 626 Xiaohe River begins to appear its vitality and will gradually become the urban stage for the citizens' leisure life...
!Changchun Nanhu Phase I Yongan Minggou Project
Yong'an Minggou is the final section of the water system confluence of the Nanhu catchment area into the Yitong River. It is also the river water body most infiltrated with the city. The total length is about 1.3KM, covering a land area of 42,603 square meters and a water area of 6,834 square meters. It is mainly based on residential land and partly used for commercial and municipal facilities.
With the vision of “returning the river to life and the people to the space”, the “Yong’an Minggou” of the 2016 start section will be built as “the pioneer of the black and odorous water body control project in Changchun City, and an important starting point for improving the regional environmental quality”.
Through four major means to ensure the elimination of black and odorous water bodies, improve the environmental quality of the river:
1. Source control, pollution interception: Eliminate the source of black odor water from the source through the sewage interception pipeline project, and adopt the initial rainwater treatment system to avoid initial rainwater pollution.
2. Process reduction, Sponge City: The use of coastal green belts to construct a sponge urban system to store surface runoff for storage and purification.
3. End purification, improve self-purification: set up aquatic plant planting troughs along the bottom of the river channel to increase the self-purification capacity of the water body.
4. Urban Greenway, Slow-moving System: Open the pedestrian corridor and build a dynamic and continuous leisure leisure belt. Yong'an Minggou will become a green living stage for residents.
!3.0 City Beautification and Sponge City
Beginning in the 1980s, the Chinese urban beautification movement began. Many cities have built a commemorative and axis-oriented “landscape avenue” to make the best use of “urban make-up”, emphasizing the decoration of broad, grand and streetscape facades, and building parks for beautification.
The fundamental technique of combining urban water system management and beautification is not to eliminate and intercept sewage, but also to make the water system natural, and to strengthen its ecological, cultural and leisure functions, making it a feature of each city. This is what nature has given. It is also a symbol of urban civilization. It should be based on ecology, comprehensive environmental protection, leisure, culture and perceived needs.
Sponge City is widely used in China. In recent years, the state has introduced a series of policies to promote the construction of sponge cities. In 2015, more than 130 cities across the country have formulated sponge city construction plans, and 16 cities have launched pilot projects, with a planned investment of 86.5 billion yuan in three years.
Sponge City advocates ecological priority, combines natural and artificial measures, and promotes the utilization of rainwater resources and ecological environment protection on the premise of ensuring urban drainage and flood control. The main construction methods are: protection of the original ecosystem of the city; ecological restoration and restoration; low impact development.
!Construction of ecological park under the background of sponge city
From “landscape gardens” to “sustainable ecological parks”
Since 2015, the first batch of sponge city pilots have been identified. The whole country has a “sponge city” heat. All localities are competing to introduce special plans for sponge cities. It is necessary to build ecological parks with low impact development and rainwater management functions. Sexual representation.
In this context, modern park construction turns to ecology, people, respect the site, the landscape no longer stays on the surface, but better integrates with the natural ecosystem. Maximize the use of nature, retain, utilize and reproduce landscape elements and materials in the site to restore and protect the integrity and diversity of local endemic ecosystems.
Ningbo Yaojiang – Sponge City Pilot + Low Carbon Building
Qingdao Binhai – Sponge City Pilot + Low Carbon Building
Changchun South Lake – Sponge City Renovation in Old Town Park
!Design of Binjiang River Landscape Belt in Yaojiang New District, Ningbo City
The project is located in the start-up area of Yaojiang New Area along the Yaojiang River and the riverside and riverside areas along the central river. The total length of the north and south is about 7,240 meters, of which about 3,640 meters along the Yao River and about 3,600 meters along the central river. The total planned area is approximately 102 hectares.
The status quo of green space construction is mainly based on landscape image, lacking leisure function activities. The construction of the park along Yaojiang has better met the basic needs of the park, but the participation, interactivity, and lack of consumer activities of the daily life and leisure of the citizens are in need of improvement. The current flood control embankment is single, and the water quality of the inland river needs to be improved.
With the vision of “Green Move Yuyao Jianglehui Yiju City”, the design is based on the principle of “participation, interaction, experience and consumption”, and weaving with the two main lines of urban life - rural scenery and waterfront experience, to leisure, Sports, culture, and ecology are the content. We advocate a healthy and livable new city lifestyle, and make a city life landscape that can truly carry people's lives, and create the axis of Yaojiang leisure vitality corridor and the new city ecological culture.
!Nanhu Lake Water District Phase I Black Odor Water Treatment and Water Environment Improvement Program
In order to implement the “Water Ten Articles” of the State Council and speed up the rectification of urban black and odorous water bodies, Changchun City has comprehensively launched the urban black and odor water body treatment project. The goal is to eliminate black and odorous water in the built-up area by the end of 2017. According to statistics, there are 100 existing water bodies in the urban area of Changchun City. After testing, 75 of them are black and odorous water bodies, all of which are included in the scope of treatment. In the comprehensive treatment project of Changchun black and odor water body, the water body management in the Nanhu demonstration area is the primary link, which will greatly affect the success or failure of the Bailiitong River.
The plan will be to sort out the waterfront coastline to create an ecological wetland river beach landscape; to construct a coherent riverside tour and transportation system to guide people to the water's edge; combined with the status quo, set up waterfront leisure activities to make their waterfront space more Ecology and pleasant proximity. The main strategies include: intercepting sewage pipes, regulating water bodies; ecological purification, wetland demonstration; slow construction, waterfront experience; sponge city, ecological upgrading.
!4.0 Greening rate and leisure city
Since 1992, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development has organized the creation of garden cities. Then, the garden city gradually evolved into the concept of an ecological garden city. Among the current urban assessment indicators, the urban area with the lowest green area rate in urban built-up areas is not less than 25%; the minimum per capita park green area in each urban area is not less than 5m2/person.
The satisfaction of urban green space rate is the basic condition, but as to whether to play the ecological leisure benefits that green space should have, it is not considered. The fragmented urban public space, which is separated by urban traffic and infrastructure construction, not only affects people's needs and experiences for public space, but also undermines the city's own beauty and function. Therefore, it is necessary to make a reasonable connection, suspending the distance between the waterfront and the city, between people and the city, which is conducive to increasing the affinity and belonging, and making the city an energy organism.
!Portal space integration in the background of leisure green roads
From "green islands" to "stitched cities"
Driven by the urban beautification movement, greening construction is the city's main project, and urban green space is marked as formalized without practical functions and benefits. The highly regarded “Green City” movement has turned these standardized public spaces into green islands.
At this time, a wave of leisure greenway design effects has emerged abroad, and the design concept of the stitched city has gradually been introduced domestically. It advocates the use of urban design techniques to sew all kinds of existing urban spaces, emphasizing the connection and stitching of urban space, showing the connection between urban space and natural environment, and the closeness and recognition of people and waterfront and other public spaces, thus creating a citizen. A lively and vibrant urban space.
Ningbo Sanjiangkou – Greenway integration in the city center
Hulunbeier North Portal – Portal Greenway Integration
Shanghai Senlan – Wedge Greenland Greenway Integration
!Ningbo Sanjiangkou Landscape Design Plan
With the urban industrial transformation and overall improvement, Sanjiangkou is the most important and representative core waterfront space and urban landmark in Ningbo, and the core place of Ningbo urban culture and urban spiritual system. It should be further guided in the new era of urban development. The development of cities needs to lead the strategic transformation of the industrial structure and space environment of the entire city.
This project has to solve not only the problem of landscape greening, but also the core city image of Ningbo in the future, the vitality of Sanjiangkou public space, and the cultural belonging of the citizen spirit. Under the “new normal”, it even relates to Ningbo city. Industrial transformation and upgrading issues.
How to improve the quality of the space environment in the Sanjiangkou area and realize the rebirth of the new Sanjiangkou, so that Sanjiangkou will become the industrial center of the city, the cultural center, the image center and the activity center are the key issues currently facing.
!Shanghai Senlan Waigaoqiao Greenland Design
The Senlan Waigaoqiao project covers an area of 5.74 square kilometers. This project is designed for the 205-hectare park green space design. This green space is one of the eight wedge-shaped green spaces planned by the Shanghai Municipal Government. From north to north, Xiantang, south to Zhaojiagou, west to Zhangyang North Road, and east to Yanggao North Road. After the park is completed, it will be the largest lake in the central city of Shanghai, becoming a dynamic and comprehensive urban ecological green space.
With the vision of “big ecology, new landmarks, and concentrated vitality”, the design concept of “free growth under the sun” is to integrate all functional blocks with path space, so that the base can be integrated from closed to seamless.
The program is dedicated to creating a path to the venue and enhancing the fashion movement. The plan is to use water as the core, and to enhance the professional path-based sports on the basis of existing venue-based courses such as baseball, football, golf, etc., as a separate site, and to create special activities of Senlan. Themes include water kayaking, color running, small cross-country bikes, skateboarding, swimming pools, beaches and more.
!5.0 Large demolition and cultural city
Under the unique system of China, we will concentrate on doing big things and pursue the rapid growth of GDP, and the city will be the same. The old urban areas have high input costs and low cultural protection benefits. The most economically viable way is to carry out large demolition, which means less work and greater returns, but it also means that urban memories are erased, and the landscape becomes retreat. And the second way.
Each city's material and intangible heritage memorizes the city's heritage and experience, and interlaces the unique personality of each city in the vertical and horizontal directions. In addition to architectural entities, urban memories also include landscape regeneration. This part is often despised and forgotten in the way that the landscape retains the memory of the city.
The landscape regeneration of the demolition wasteland is a testimony to the historical imprint of the city, recording the urban civilization and evoking the urban memory of the local citizens. The modern West has completed the landscape engineering of the protection, reconstruction and reuse of many industrial wasteland, and China started late, the regeneration of industrial wasteland since the 1970s, how to reconstruct the demolition remains, and the excessive use of humans and serious pollution Realizing landscape ecological restoration in abandoned land is a problem that many cities in China must face and urgently need to solve.
!Waterfront Park Construction under the Background of Old City Renewal
From "big demolition" to "cultural landscape"
China's old city renewal experienced the rough transformation of large-scale demolition in the 1990s, the style of a thousand cities and the destruction of a large number of old buildings and traditional culture. After studying the advanced concepts and practices of foreign advanced cities, the old City renewal began to think rationally.
Protecting the historical landscape of the city is not only the inheritance of the historical context of the city, but also the preservation of the urban cultural memory. One scene, one memory, one city. The construction of domestic landscapes focusing on waterfront parks has gradually turned to cultural regeneration and continuity. It advocates the use of landscapes to drive urban culture back to daily life scenes and watch the urban cultural traditions.
Shanghai North Bund – new commercial development
Ningbo Old Bund – preservation of historical buildings
Ningbo North Bank – Renaissance of Cultural Relics
!Landscape Design of Hongkou Section of North Bund
The project is located in Area C, Huishan Block, North Bund, Hongkou District, Shanghai. It covers an area of 4.2 hectares and faces the Huangpu River in the south. It faces the Lujiazui Financial Circle across the river and is an important extension of the Old Bund.
The North Bund is the last gold treasure to be developed in Shanghai. With extensive experience in waterfront landscape construction, MYP considers the relationship between the project and the city, breaks through the boundaries of planning, architecture and landscape, and is committed to creating a window of Shanghai shipping culture and a balcony for urban life. It will become the waterfront landscape belt with the most port culture in Shanghai in the future.
The design is based on the Huangpu River, simulating the streamline pattern of the Huangpu River in Shanghai as a main route through the block. From the west side to the east side of the block, the germination period, glorious period and development period of the shipping culture are connected in series. Tell the history and spirit of Shanghai Port Development.
!Conceptual Planning Scheme for the Landscape along the North Bank of the Minjiang River in Ningbo City
The North Riverside Landscape Project of the Minjiang River is located on the south side of the north bank of the Minjiang River. It starts from Tongtu Road in the west, ends at Century Avenue (Changhong Tunnel) in the east, reaches the Lancang River in the south, and goes down to Baishasha Road in the north. It is about 3.6 kilometers from Linjiang and covers an area of about 33 hectares.
The case retains a large number of industrial sites. Compared with the old Bund, the waterfront has a wider width, the shoreline is longer and richer, the site type is more yuan, and it has strong landscape plasticity and history.
With the vision of “recalling the vicissitudes of the industry and enjoying the creative trend”, the project will create a riverside cultural leisure belt with unique characteristics of Ningbo's water and land industry. Plan three major theme divisions, including memory-cargo trajectory, update-cold-storage creation, remodeling-eco-learning. The design retains the building with the status quo value and puts it into the new building. Through the natural ecological treatment method, the environment of harmony between man and nature is constructed, and the tour can be rewarded.
In the context of urban industrial transformation, the construction of waterfront belts is no longer just a pure landscape design project, but needs to be based on the overall development model, development type, industrial model and space, waterfront space landscape, and the possibility of industrial heritage reconstruction. The overall level of thinking at the level of the series.